Common causes of cystitis

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Common Causes of Cystitis


Cystitis is an extremely common problem which often affects women. Cystitis is an infection which has two main causes: the transferral of intestinal bacteria to the bladder or urethra or urethral damage which can be caused by a number of things.

Here, we take a closer look at several of the most common causes of cystitis with a view to reducing the chance of contracting the infection.

The transferral of bacteria

Simply put, the transferral of certain intestinal bacteria to your urinary passage is one of the most common causes of cystitis. There are a variety of everyday activities which can lead to such a transferral.

Sexual activity can lead to cystitis in a number of ways, with transferral of bacteria being one of them. The best way to avoid this is simply for you and your partner to keep as clean as possible, washing before and after sex and changing condoms whenever necessary. It can also help to urinate both before and after intercourse.

It is also common for women to spread the bacteria when wiping themselves after using the toilet. Wiping from front to back can be an effective means of ensuring that none of the relevant bacteria are passed to your urinary passage. It can also help to empty your bladder fully and urinate regularly.

Infection can be more common in older women due to a change in the production of hormones. After menopause, a smaller amount of oestrogen is produced which can lead to a reduction in the size of the lining of both the bladder and urethra. This increases the chances of this lining becoming infected and, therefore, of contracting cystitis.

Damage and irritation            


Cystitis can also be caused by damage and irritation to the urethra. This is common during sexual activity and is known as ‘honeymoon cystitis’. As mentioned above, this can be avoided by engaging in slower, careful intercourse. The use of lubrication can help reduce the chance of damage, which might cause cystitis too.

Sex, however, doesn’t need to be vigorous in order to provoke cystitis. In some women, this can be the result of frequent sex. If no relief is found from making changes to your sexual activity, then it could be a good idea to seek treatment for cystitis.

The area can also become irritated by the use of common chemicals. This could be anything from a splash of perfume to the use of a certain bubble bath or shower gel. If this is the case, it can be difficult for people to isolate the product that is responsible. Sensitive people would be advised to stop using chemical products on the affected area – plain and un-perfumed products should be sought as replacements.

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